The Risk for falls care plan for the Elderly
Falling or the fear of falling should never be considered a normal process of aging. If there is a fear of falling it can be identified and can be addressed very quickly as we assess the risk for falls care plan in this article.
Some conditions that may cause an individual to be at a risk for falling could include a decrease in the flexibility of the joints, a weakness within the ankles, knees, or hips. It might also be a slower pace of walking.
It could be a shorter step. It might be decreased coordination. When we are developing we have the ability to sway four degrees forward, four degrees backward. If that sway is not available, we have certain strategies that we use.
If those strategies within your legs are not available because of weakness, then you are at a risk for falls.
There are certain medical conditions that do increase the risk of falling as we age. There are some conditions that could be neurological in order, such as diabetes or strokes.
All of these could predispose an individual to have an increase in falls.
There are certain extrinsic factors that do predispose an individual to falls. One of the most major causes of falls would be taking four or more prescribed medications.
Other factors that you might find in the household that may help in reducing the risk for falls could be cluttered pathways, cluttered stairwells, electric cords, water on the floor, lights that are not working, or possibly rushing to accomplish a certain task.
If you are concerned that you may experience a fall, or if you are fearful that you might fall, my recommendation is to seek a physical therapist.
Plan of care could include exercises, flexibilities, strengthening or posture. If you are fearful of having a fall, a physical therapist could help you identify that cause of a fall and develop a plan of care that could address those inadequacies or issues.
That plan of care could include strengthening, mobility, the range of motion, posture, balance, and possibly recommend adaptive equipment or other examples that might help you perform a task more easily.
Examples of exercises I might recommend would be a walking program, water aerobics, gardening, dancing is an extremely good one that you could do with a friend or family member, tai chi.
Anything that would improve your balance and improve your endurance and keep you active.
Falls if you’ve had one you know the feeling of embarrassment and hurt pride then self-reproach for not being more
careful and worried about being a bother if you’re hurt most people only bruise themselves but one in 20 Falls results in a fracture.
While most older adults wouldn’t feel safe without health insurance they may resist making simple changes that can reduce their risk for Falls.
Identifying and addressing physical changes that affect balance and correcting hazards in and around the home are two key ways older adults can minimize their risk for falls as you read the following high-risk situations.
Nighttime combined with reduced vision becomes a particularly high-risk period. A sixty-year-old requires twice as much light as a twenty-year-old to see as well but with proper precautions, a person should not fear a nighttime fall. Add night lights or keep a bathroom or hall light on all night.
Put on glasses even for a quick trip to the bathroom. Sit a moment before rising and get up slowly to improve balance. Use a walker cane or another assistive device even at home for improved safety.
Reduced muscle strength makes it difficult to rise from low seats since most falls take place in the bedroom or
living room. Remove clutter and provide a clear path to a favorite chair a chair that is high enough to get up from.
Easily electrical cords are a well-known hazard that can easily be secured with tape near the edge of a rug.
use higher seating, reduce clutter, clear pathways and secure electrical cords.
Medications – Safe at home senior care
Remembering medications can be a problem for people of all ages. Overmedication or inappropriate medication in older people can lead to major imbalance and perception problems.
A medication organizer can help avoid double dosage. This is important since older adults process medications through their system more slowly than younger people because many older adults take more than one prescription plus with over-the-counter drugs, the risk of drug interaction increases. A medication review by a pharmacist or physician will reduce this risk.
Unsafe climbing – Safe at home senior care
Loose footwear and a kitchen chair are our ingredients for a fall. Keep dishes canned goods and cooking
utensils at eye level to reduce the need for unsafe climbing.
Use a secure Footwear to improve balance and reduce the need to climb and use safe footwear.
Bath time – Safe at home senior care
When a fall in the bath occurs it hits hard. Tile is not kind to bones of any age. Use these precautions for a safe
Use a tub mat and dry off inside the tub or shower. A bath stool can make this easier. Use a detachable
grab bar for security and a large bath mat with non-skid backing.
You can go and check out my full guide on how to set up a safe bathroom here.
Steps – Safe at home senior care
Reduced vision and a lack of contrast between steps can result in an unexpected trip. increase the contrast between different levels. A dark Matt contrasts with the light doorway and a white edge clearly shows the next level change.
Keep walkways clear of debris to reduce the risk of falling. Increased contrast between levels provide us with stable support and keep pathways clear. Making a few changes to improve balance and remove hazards at home can prevent falls. Think of these changes as another form of health insurance.
Pay attention to and discuss any side effects of medications such as dizziness or consult with your doctor. Have vision checked and wear corrective lenses.
If prescribed, improve balance through daily walks stretching exercises and exercises while sitting where supportive low heeled shoes and use walkers and canes as prescribed by your doctor to reduce risk, reduce clutter and debris.
Improve lighting both inside and outside and mark level changes with contrasting tape frequently. The worst consequence of a fall is the fear of falling again.
A person may begin to restrict activities and social participation as acts of self-protection. This can lead to
isolation and depression so if you fall, take action.
Have a registered occupational therapist and physical therapists. Evaluate your physical functioning at home to identify ways to improve your balance and environment or safety, after all, these are small changes to make for living independently and healthy in your own home.